Floor Plan Your Classroom

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Draft a CAD Drawing using MS PowerPoint 2013 for Windows

Start Microsoft PowerPoint and choose a new Blank Presentation. Afterwards, go to File->Save As.. to save it immediately. Remember to save your work every two minutes.

OR

Download a PowerPoint graph paper template in 1/4" scale.
(Right-click the above link and Save Link As....)

Blank Presentation

Double click on the border of the text box that reads "Click to add title." When it is selected, use the backspace (or delete) key on the keyboard to delete it.

Do the same with the "Click to add subtitle" text box.

Delete Text Box

Check the Ruler button from the View tab at the top of the screen (if it is not already in view).

Also check the Gridlines button. This adds a background grid to the screen that lines and shapes will snap to to make them lined up neatly.

 

Ruler, Gridlines

Then, click the little, boxed arrow to the right of the word Show. This brings up the Grid and Guides dialog box.

Set the Spacing for 0.25 Inches (1/4 inch), which is the preferred size for making floorplans to scale. Display grid on screen should be checked.

quarter-inch grid

To draw walls:

Select the line tool from the Drawing section (inside the Home tab). Drag a line in the document to create straight walls and windows. Keep lines straight by holding down the shift key on the keyboard while you drag a line.

line tool

To change the thickness of the line, do one of two things:

1) Right-click on the line you just created and choose Format Shape. This brings up the Format Shape dialog box. You can change the thickness of the line by adjusting the line Style or Weight.

OR

2) Choose Shape Outline-> Weight from the Drawing section on the Home tab.

Suggestion: Adjust the width of the line to 6 pt for walls and 3 pt for windows.

Remember to draw in scale, using the top and side rulers as guides. For example, your scale may be 1/4" scale (that means that 1 foot in the real world equals 1/4 inch on the computer). Since your grid spacing is set to 1/4 inch, all you have to do is drag your line however many spaces you need it to be, with each grid-space equal to 1foot.

right-click format shape

format shape

line weight

If you wish to change the color (or other aspects) of the line,

1) Right-click the line you just drew, choose Format Shape and click on the Line Color.

OR

2) Choose Shape Outline from the Drawing section on the Home tab.

 

line color

If you have been working only with the line tool, and you wish to fill in an area with color or texture (to create a floor carpet for example),

  1. Select the Freeform (or Scribble) tool from the Drawing section.
  2. Click on each corner of the area you wish to fill, forming a closed shape that will be on top of the existing area.
  3. Right-click on that new shape to access the Format Shape dialog box and customize the area (change the color, texture, gradient, etc.)
  4. Right-click on the shape and choose Send-to-back->Send to Back to move the filled area behind other objects it may be covering.

freeform tool

send to back

Other useful shapes (like the Arc tool, used for showing which way a door opens) can be accessed also from the Drawing tab.

Arcs can be changed by adjusting the yellow diamonds after they are selected.

Arcs (and other ready-made shapes) can be accessed by clicking the little downward-pointing More arrow in the side of the box of shapes. This opens a long box of shapes, most of which are not quite right for floor plans.

 

OR

Get shapes from the Shapes menu in the Insert tab.

arc

arc

more shapes

shapes

After drafting the walls and windows, doors and closets to scale, add dimension lines. Try to draw the dimension lines outside of the floor plan of the room. Use a very thin line width (such as 1 pt) and choose arrow heads for the line style.

dimension lines

Use the Shapes and drawing tools to create your own furniture. Make sure your furniture is to scale and is in proportion to your floor plan. Also make sure it is in the "from the ceiling looking down" (that is, floor plan) view.

 

shapes for furniture

Use the Text Box tool from the Insert tab to add text. Create a text box for the key, the scale, descriptions of furniture, and the total area of the room.

Also use text boxes in your dimension lines to show the length of the walls on the dimension lines.

Right-click on a text box to edit the text.

insert text box

scale

Click here to see a CAD drafting of a floor plan

Return to "Floor Plan Your Classroom - Step 3"


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